Conference on Russia 2020

05-06 March 2020 • Tartu, Estonia
Russia in the World: Vision and Realities The Annual Baltic Conference on Russia will take place for the sixth time in 2020. This year’s iteration, “Russia in the World: vision and realities”, aims to compare Russia’s self-perceptions with contemporary geostrategic realities. Better countering Russia’s offensive actions requires understanding how Russia is using available instruments of power to implement national strategy, what are its future ambitions, strengths and limitations. The conference will assess Russia’s position within global geopolitical equilibria and will contribute to drawing a clearer pictures of Russia’s means of power. The last two decades led to a dramatic surge in Russian-Western tensions, which proved highly reminiscent of a “Cold War” spirit. Those decades induced a series of changes and geostrategic shifts that are crucial in characterizing Russia’s current geopolitical situation. Moscow has on the one hand attempted to create a world of its own by designing alternative structures of multilateral governance, under a Eurasianism “banner”; while on the other hand exploiting international law and existing multilateral structures. While assessing the country’s geopolitical stance, the conference will proceed with addressing Russia’s actual means of power: how capable is Russia militarily as well as in the informational domain? Could it be considered a superpower in other than nuclear terms? The conference will touch upon the determinants and the root causes of Russia’s display of aggressive behaviour in its foreign policy using diplomacy as a tool. The 2020 conference will achieve these goals by bringing together representatives of the countries of the wider Baltic region, Nordic countries, western and central Europe, the Middle East and Asia that are currently experiencing an increased Russian interest and involvement in political, economic and military terms. In order to address the topic from a comprehensive and balanced standpoint, the conference will gather participants from different regions and among military, political and academic experts. The conference will be held in Dorpat Convention Centre (




  • 05 March
  • 06 March

Prof. Pavel Baev

Research Professor
Peace Research Institute Oslo

Research Interests

Russian military reform; Russia's conflict management in the Caucasus and Central Asia; energy interests in Russia's foreign and security policy; Russia's relations with Europe and NATO.


I publish a blog on Arctic Politics and Russia's Ambitions on Facebook.

Languages spoken:
Russian; English
Working experience:
After graduating from the MGU in September 1979, I found myself 'behind bars', working as a researcher, and then senior researcher, in a 'post-box': a Research Institute of the USSR Ministry of Defence.
It was only in August 1988 that I left it to join a newly-created Institute of Europe in USSR Academy of Sciences, where I worked as a head of section for military-political studies until October 1992.
That month I became a PRIOite. Since then, besides holding the position of senior researcher, I was from July 1995 to December 2001, the Editor of Security Dialogue, PRIO's policy-oriented quarterly journal. In 2000-2004, I was the leader of PRIO Foreign and Security Policies program; in 2002-2005, I was the head of a working group at the Center for the Study of Civil War (CSCW); in 1999-2005, I was a member of PRIO Board. In August 2005, I applied for being evaluated for professorial competence (Forsker 1), and in March 2006, the committee of peers produced a positive conclusion, making me a Research Professor. In May 2011, Strobe Talbott invited me to become a Senior Non-Resident Fellow at the Brookings Institutions, a privilege I value greatly. Since July 2013, I am also a Senior Associate Fellow at the Institut Francais des Relations Internationales (IFRI), affiliated with the Russia/NIS Centre.
It was my luck that got me from a 'regular' Moscow school (no. 648) to the Geographical Department of the Moscow State University (MGU) in September 1974. In June 1979, I graduated with MA in Political Geography (that 'B' in the last exam in 'Scientific Communism' meant no cum laude or 'red diploma'). In September 1983, I was accepted into a doctoral track in the Institute of USA and Canada, USSR Academy of Sciences - and in May 1988, I received my PhD in International Relations.

05 March

Dr. Jānis Bērziņš

Center for Security and Strategic Research (CSSR) at the National Defense Academy of Latvia
Dr. Berzins is the director of the Center for Security and Strategic Research (CSSR) at the National Defense Academy of Latvia. He is one of the leading specialists in Russian military strategy in the world. His work focuses on the juxtaposition between the theoretical developments of Russian Military Thought and the operational reality on the ground. This includes both the hybrid and conventional aspects of warfare, such as influence, information, and psychological operations. Dr. Berzins has lectured as a guest in the United States, Sweden, Norway, the Netherlands, Singapore, Belgium, Brazil, Estonia and Lithuania at various academic and defense institutions. They include the New York University, the Johns Hopkins University, the George C. Marshall Center European Center for Security Studies, the Swedish Defense University, the Swedish Defense Research Agency, the Norwegian Military Academy, the US Army’s Asymmetric Warfare Group, the NATO’s Special Operations Command Europe, the NATO/SHAPE Brunssum Headquarters, among others.
Dr. Berzins has advised the United Kingdom House of Commons’ Defense Select Committee, the Parliament of Singapore, the Swedish Government and the Polish Government. He has advised the Ministry of Defense of Singapore about Strategic Communications and influence, information, and psychological operations. He has also provided expertise about Russia’s doctrine for the US Department of Defense and Russia's strategic issues for the private sector.


  • New Generation (Hybrid) Warfare
  • Russian Military Thought
  • Geopolitics
  • Economics


  • Federal University of Santa Catarina (BA, Economics)
  • São Paulo State University (MSc, Economics)

05 March

Dr. Thomas Alexander Crosbie

Royal Danish Defence College

Royal Danish Defence College
Assistant Professor of Military Operations / Military Studies, 2017- University of Maryland
Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Center for Research on Military Organization, 2014-2017


Yale University
Ph.D., Sociology, 2014, M.Phil., 2011, M.A., 2009
La Trobe University
M.A. (Research), Literary Studies, 2008
Memorial University of Newfoundland
B.A. (Hons), English, 2005

Research and Teaching Interests
Political and Military Sociology; Military Operations; Security Studies; Mass Media and Communication; Qualitative Methods

Crosbie, T. The Political Army (under consideration)

05 March

Prof. Roland Dannreuther

Professor of International Relations
University of Westminister
I am a Professor of International Relations at the University of Westminster. I joined the University in September 2009 as head of the Department of Politics and International Relations. I was Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (2013-15) and then Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) (2015-19). I was previously Professor of International Relations at the University of Edinburgh (1995-2009); International Fellow at the Department of International Relations, Tbilisi State University, Georgia; Faculty Fellow at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (2000-02); and Research Associate at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (1992-5). I am a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. My research revolves around the area of security studies and international relations with a regional focus on Russia, Central Asia and the Middle East. I also have an interest in the engagement of historical sociology in International Relations.

05 March

Major General Andis Dilāns

Baltic Defence College
MG Dilāns entered the Latvian National Armed Forces as a cadet and graduated with distinction a platoon leader course in 1992. He earned a bachelor’s degree in pedagogy from the National Defence Academy, Riga, Latvia, in 1995. He is a graduate of the Latvian University, Riga, Latvia and has the Second-Level Professional Education Diploma of Manager of External Relations Division from the Institute of International Relations. He also graduated with distinction the Baltic Defence College, Tartu, Estonia as the second best student of Class 2000. His education continued at the National Defence University National War College, Washington D.C., the USA in 2011 and he holds master's degree in National Security Strategy Science.
MG Dilāns’ command and troop leadership positions include the position of Deputy Chief of Defence, the Chief of Joint Staff, Latvian National Armed Forces (LNAF) and the Director of the Higher Command and Staff Course in the Baltic Defence College, Tartu, Estonia. Other commands include the 1st (LATBAT) Infantry Battalion, Latvian Infantry Brigade, the 1st Company, Baltic Peace Enforcement Battalion where he led 1st Latvian Company-size deployment to international operations, assuming the position of Company Commander of the IFOR - LAT/SWE Coy 2IC and S3 Planning Officer position of the SFOR - SWE Bn-Bosnia in 1996/1997; and Course Leader/Company Commander in the National Defence Academy. As a Lieutenant, he was a Platoon Leader of the Border Guard’s Course in National Defence Academy.
MG Dilāns’ staff positions include: Military Representative of Latvia to NATO in 2013; Chief of Joint Staff, Latvian National Armed Forces, where he was co-chairing Latvian defence system reform group in 2009; Chief, Operations Planning (J3) Department, LNAF Staff, in this position he led a military planning group for first deployments of Latvian troops to Afghanistan and Iraq in 2003; Chief, Operation Branch, Operations Planning (J3) Department, LNAF Staff; Chief, Military Co-operation Branch, International Relation and Military Co-operation (J7) Department, LNAF Staff; and Senior Staff Officer, Combat Support Branch, Operations Planning (J3) Department, LNAF Staff.
MG Dilāns’ leader development and education positions include Deputy Course Director and Course Instructor of the Higher Command and Staff Course in the Baltic Defence College. He made a remarkable contribution to an establishment and further build-up of the Higher Command and Staff Course, which was later accredited by NATO ACT.
MG Dilāns’ awards and decorations include: the Order of Viesturs (2nd grade), the CHOD Award of Merit (3 awards), the CHOD Award for Distinctive Service, the Republic of Latvia MOD Medal of Honorary Recognition and Medal of Merit for Contribution to Armed Forces Development, the Estonian Defence Force General Staff Cross of Merit (2 awards), the Lithuanian Defence Force Medal of Merit, the Baltic Defence College Medal of Merit, the Baltic Defence College Service Cross, LNAF International Operation Remembrance Medal, NATO Medal, Swedish Armed Forces’ International Operation Remembrance Medal.

05 March

Lieutenant General (ret.) Andrzej Fałkowski

Senior Fellow
Casimir Pulaski Foundation
Lieutenant General (ret.). Doctor of Economics. Former Polish Military Representative to the NATO and EU Military Committees in Brussels, Deputy Chief of General Staff of the Polish Armed Forces (DCHoD), Defence, Military, Naval and Air Attaché in Washington D.C., Director of the Logistics and Resources Division of the NATO International Military Staff in Brussels, Director of the MoD Budget Department, Deputy Chief of General Directorate of Strategic Planning (J-5) in the General Staff of the PAF.

05 March

05 March

Prof. Francesco Giumelli

Deputy Head of Department and Professor in International Relations and International Organization
University of Groningen
Francesco Giumelli is Associate Professor and deputy head of Department at the Department of International Relations and International Organization (IRIO) of the University of Groningen.

Before moving to Groningen as Assistant Professor in 2013, he had been Assistant Professor at the Department of International Relations and European Studies of Metropolitan University Prague (MUP) from 2008 to 2013. For five years, Francesco taught courses on the European Union, Terrorism, International Organizations and International Relations Theories. In Prague, he was also a member of the Center for Security Studies (C4SS) at MUP.

He graduated in Political Science at the University of Bologna and holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Institute for Humanities and the Social Sciences (formerly the Italian Institute of Human Sciences at the University of Florence). His doctoral thesis focused on international sanctions of international organizations and was shortlisted for the Jean Blondel Prize in 2010, which is assigned to the best doctoral dissertation of ECPR members.

In 2011, he published “Coercing, Constraining and Signalling. Explaining UN and EU Sanctions after the End of the Cold War” with the ECPR Press.

In 2013, he published his second book “The Success of Sanctions: Lessons Learned from the EU Experience” with Routledge (previously Ashgate).

Francesco was a Jean Monnet fellow at the European University Institute in 2010/2011 and Visiting Researcher at the Fundação Getulio Vargas in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.

During his Ph.D studies, Francesco was a visiting student at MIT and later a visiting fellow at the Kroc Institute at Notre Dame University. Since 2007, Francesco is a member of the Targeted Sanctions Consortium (TSC), a group of more than forty scholars and policy practitioners from around the world coordinated by Prof. Thomas Biersteker and Hon. Sue Eckert on the effectiveness of UN targeted sanctions regimes and was a fellow in the European Foreign Policy and Security Policy Studies (EFSPS) financed by the Compagnia di San Paolo, the Riksbankens Jubileumsfond and the VolkswagenStiftung foundation, working on a project on EU sanctions efficiency.

Beyond his work on sanctions, Francesco studies issues concerning the role of private actors in security and illicit trade.

06 March

Mr. Andria Gotsiridze

Cyber Security Studies & Education Center CYSEC
Mr Andria Gotsiridze is the founder of Cyber Security Studies and Education Center “CYSEC“. In 1995-2001 Andria Gotsiridze served at several positions before taking the post of a Head of division at the State Military Scientific Technical Centre DELTA. His working experience includes senior positions in Georgian Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Intelligence Services. He was a Director of the Cyber Security Bureau (MoD) in 2014-2016, Inspector General in 2012-2014 and served at the Foreign and Military Intelligence services as a head of various departments in 2001-2008. Between 2008-2012 Mr. Gotsiridze switched his career to private sector and supervised Security Department of JSC “PrivatBank” (Ukraine) and JSC “Bank Constanta”. The area of his reponisbilities included IT security, operational risks, antifraud management, internal security, and integrity checking.
Under his leadership, the Cyber Security Bureau developed Georgia’s first Cyber Security Policy and Strategy and has initiated number of cyber security projects, such as, Cyber Reserve and multi-componential cyber security awareness raising project. He supported to train and employ soldiers wounded in international missions as trainers in cyber security.
Mr. Gotsiridze gives lectures at Caucasus University and International Black Sea University, Civil Servant Course organized by GFSIS (Rondeli Foundation) and is currently involved in several projects as a Cyber Security Advisor at the Georgia Innovation and Technology Agency. He is co-author of Cyber Security Generic Reference Curriculum published by NATO PFPC in 2016.

06 March

Ambassador Shota Gvineria

Baltic Defence College

06 March

LTC Andres Helm-Rosin

Acting Director of Department of Military Studies and Lecturer of Joint Air Operations
Baltic Defence College
Lt Col Helm-Rosin has served for 24 years in the Estonian Armed Forces Air Force. He has been an operator, staff officer and department director. He holds a MS in Operational Art and Science from Air University, Alabama. His master thesis focused on the Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicles as a dominant power over the future’s battlespace.
Prior to taking up the position as a lecturer of Joint Air Operations at the Baltic Defence College, Lt Col Helm-Rosin was a head of Training and Education department in Estonian Air Force with the main task of planning and executing multinational Joint and Air exercises. His previous positions also include Chief of Operations of Air Surveillance Wing as well as Control and Reporting Post.
Areas of Expertise:
  • Operations planning process;
  • targeting;
  • unmanned aerial vehicles;
  • air battle management;
  • airspace;
  • air-ground integration.

05 March

CDRE Hans Helseth

Baltic Defence College
Senior Mentor
Commodore Hans Helseth (62) joined the Royal Norwegian Navy in 1977. Upon completing the Naval Academy, he was assigned to the submarine service. He took command of HNoMS Svenner (‘Kobben’-class) in 1985. In 1988-89, he was Teacher for the Norwegian Submarine Commanding Officer’s Qualifying Course.
Joining the Frigate Service as second-in-command in 1989, and following a further two years in command of submarines HNoMS Utstein and HNoMS Utvær (‘Ula’-class), he ended 14 years of uninterrupted sea duty commanding the frigate HNoMS Narvik, with the rank of Commander.
From 1995, Commodore Helseth studied at the German Command and Staff College (‘Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr’), graduating in 1997, and subsequently serving for a year as Head Instructor at the Norwegian Staff College in Oslo.
For the next three years, he was staff officer and branch chief in the planning department (J5) at NATO Joint Command North in Stavanger. After attending the Defence College in Oslo in 2002, he was promoted Captain and took command of the Frigate Squadron. He held this post until 2006, simultaneously acting as Commander Norwegian Task Force in multiple NATO and national exercises. Back to NATO, he served as Deputy Chief of Staff Operations (DCOS OPS) in Maritime Command Northwood, UK, as Commodore, until 2010.
After a short period at the Norwegian Joint HQ, he was assigned to the Operations Division at International Military Staff (IMS) at NATO HQ in Brussels, where he took up the positions of branch chief for Afghanistan and later the post of Deputy Director. In 2015, Commodore Helseth became the Special Advisor to the commander at NATO’s Joint Warfare Centre (JWC) in Stavanger. He retired at the end of 2017 from active military service.
Commodore Helseth has participated in a number of NATO operations including Sharp Guard (1995), Determined Guardian (1999), KFOR (2001), ISAF (Chief of Staff to NATO Senior Civilian Representative, 2008), and Ocean Shield (2009-2010). He has been awarded the corresponding national and NATO campaign medals. In addition to long service medals, he has two awards for historical research works. In 2015, he was awarded the NATO Meritorious Service Medal by the Secretary General of NATO.
As a retired officer, Commodore Helseth has held engagements with JWC as a senior advisor for the Exercise Control organisation during the planning and execution of all JWC sponsored exercises. He also has an engagement as Senior Mentor with the Baltic Defence College in Tartu, Estonia, mainly in support of their Higher Command Studies Course, in addition to more ad-hoc tasks offered by military (including NATO School Oberammergau) and civilian institutions. He has authored a high number of articles for different military magazines and written or contributed to several books on military affairs, strategy, and history. He is married to Ranveig. His interests include hiking, biking, military history, and the social activities associated with a life in the Navy. Surprisingly, lately he has become interested in gardening, not to mention beer brewing, both signs of mature age.
(JAN 2020)

05 March

Mr. David Johnson

NATO Headquarters
Dave Johnson is a staff officer in the NATO Headquarters Defence Policy and Planning Division where he works on aspects of NATO’s strengthened deterrence and defence posture. He has worked in the NATO-Russia Council on NATO-Russia defence reform cooperation and NATO-Russia missile defence cooperation negotiations.Prior to joining NATO, he served as a US Air Force officer, including postings at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), US Strategic Command, the US Embassy Moscow, and the Pentagon.His recent publications include Russia’s Conventional Precision Strike Capabilities, Regional Crises, and Nuclear Thresholds, Livermore Papers on Global Security No. 3, February 2018; VOSTOK 2018: Ten years of Russian strategic exercises and warfare preparation, in NATO Review Magazine, December 2018; and General Gerasimov on the Vectors of the Development of Military Strategy, NATO Defence College Review, 2 March 2019.

05 March

Ambassador Archil Karaulashvili

Georgian Embassy in Estonia
Amb Archil Karaulashvili was born in Telavi, Georgia,1973. In 1995 he was graduated from the Faculty of International Economic Relations of Iv. Javakhishvili State University.
He started his career on the State Committee of Foreign Relations of Georgiain 1995 as a Chief Specialist. From 1996 until 2000 he held the position of Head of Division of Business-Plan Analysis and as well as Deputy Head of the Department of Foreign Investment, Credits and Inter-branch Projects at the Ministry of Trade and Foreign Economic Relations of Georgia.
In 2000-2004 he was a Director of the Investment Policy Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia. From 2004-2015 he served as a Head of the European Integration Coordination Department at the Office of the State Minister of Georgia on European and Euro-Atlantic Integration. From March 2015to December 2017, Archil Karaulashvili was a First Deputy State Minister of Georgia on European and Euro-Atlantic Integration. Later moving on to be a Director General for European Integration in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia.
He was appointedAmbassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Georgia to the Republic of Estonia in 2019 and the Ambassador presented his Letters of Credence in November 2019.

Amb Karaulashvili is a co-author of books and articles on the European Integration.

06 March

Lieutenant Colonel Vakhtang Kartsivadze

Student of HCSC
Baltic Defence College

05 March

Prof. Emer Markku Kivinen

Research Director
Aleksanteri Institute - Finnish Centre for Russian and East European Studies
Prof. emer Markku Kivinen is the current research director and former director of the Alexanteri Institute in Helsinki. He is also the Chief Editor of the book series Studies on Contemporary Russia (Routledge).
He holds a doctoral degree in Sociology from the University of Helsinki that was graded Eximia Cum Laude Approbatur.

His profile on the Helsinki university research portal reads as follows: “Markku Kivinen is one of the leading social theorists in Russian studies. He has been the Director of the Aleksanteri Institute – the Finnish Centre for Russian and Eastern European Studies since 1996 (until 2018), and the Director of the Finnish Centre of Excellence in Russian Studies: Choices of Russian Modernisation since 2012.

Professor Kivinen is a broad generalist in Russian studies and has original contributions both in theory and in empirical research. He has 20 years of experience leading a multidisciplinary research community, promoting interdisciplinary and multi-positional approaches.

Markku Kivinen has acquired an exceptional experience in institution building. During his leadership, the Aleksanteri Institute has become a dynamic research community and one of the largest research institutes in Russian studies in the world. He has led several ground-breaking projects and has profound experience in project management in many undertakings funded by e.g. the Academy of Finland, the European Union, and various Nordic funds.

During his years as a professor at the University of Lapland, Kivinen founded the Department of Sociology and started a successful graduate school in this field in Northern Finland. Since 1998 he has been the Director of the Finnish graduate school in Russian, East European and Eurasian Studies (REEES), which has produced close to 50 Ph.D. degrees up to 2015. He has long-term experience in academic teaching, as well as in the supervision of dissertations.

Markku Kivinen is a well-known figure in Finnish society. He is frequently interviewed both by the Finnish and international media and invited to give a briefing for diverse decision-makers in politics and the business world. Markku Kivinen is a prominent keynote speaker on international forums, not only in Finland and Russia but also in Europe, Japan, China, and the U.S.”

06 March

Major Kaspars Kokins

Student of JCGSC
Baltic Defence College

05 March

Ambassador Batu Kutelia

Atlantic Council Georgia
Professor Kutelia is Vice President of the Atlantic Council of Georgia and previously served as Deputy Secretary of the National Security Council of Georgia from 2011 to 2013. He is the former Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Georgia to the United States of America, Canada and Mexico (2008-2011), and served as the First Deputy Minister of Defense of Georgia from 2007 to 2008, and as Deputy Minister of Defense of Georgia from 2006 to 2007.

Professor Kutelia’s diplomatic experience also includes service as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Georgia in 2006, Head of the Foreign Intelligence Special Service of Georgia from 2005 to 2006, Deputy Minister of State Security of Georgia and Director of the Political Security Department of the National Security Council of Georgia in 2004. From 2003 to 2004, he served as Envoy Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Georgia to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (with concurrent assignment as Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of Georgia), and from 2000 to 2003, he served as Deputy Director of the Military-Political Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia, and as Head and Deputy Head of Military Cooperation Division, Military-Political Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia from 1997 to 2000. And from 1997 to 1998, he served as First Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia.

Professor Kutelia served as a Distinguished Fellow of New Westminster College from 2014 to 2017, before it became a constituent college of Caucasus University on November, 1, 2017. He was a Fellow of the McCain Institute for International Leadership from 2013 to 2014, and Fellow of the NATO Defense College from 2000 to 2001.

Professor Kutelia earned a Master of Engineering degree in 1995 from the Georgian Technical University, a Master of Public Administration in 1996 from the Georgian-American Institute of Public Affairs, and a Doctor of Philosophy in Physics and Mathematics from the Georgian Technical University in 2000. He completed the Black Sea Security Program at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 2007, and the Defence Intelligence Course at the Defence Intelligence College (U.K.) in 2005. In 2003, he completed the Course for Senior Officials at the NATO Defense College, and in 2002, the Defense Transformation Course at the U.S. Navy Postgraduate School. He completed the Legal Aspects of Peacekeeping Operations Course in 2000 at the U.S. Naval Justice School, and the Senior Executive Officials Course in 1999 at the George C. Marshall European Centre for Security Studies.

05 March

Prof. Taras Kuzio

a Non-Resident Fellow in the Foreign Policy Institute, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC
Department of Political Science, National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy
Taras Kuzio is a Professor in the Department of Political Science, National University of Kyiv Mohyla Academy and a Non-Resident Fellow in the Foreign Policy Institute, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington DC.His previous positions were at the University of Alberta, George Washington University, University of Toronto, and Chief of Mission to the NATO Information and Documentation Office in Ukraine.
Taras Kuzio holds a Ph.D. in political science from the University of Birmingham, England, an MA in Soviet and East European Area Studies from the University of London, and a BA in Economics from the University of Sussex. He held a Post-Doctoral Fellowship at Yale University.
Taras Kuzio is the author and editor of seventeen books, including (with Paul D’Anieri) The Sources of Russia's Great Power Politics: Ukraine and the Challenge to the European Order (2018), Putin’s War Against Ukraine. Revolution, Nationalism, and Crime (2017, 2019), Ukraine. Democratization, Corruption and the New Russian Imperialism (2015), From Kuchmagate to Orange Revolution (2009), and Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives on Nationalism (2007). He is the author of five think tank monographs, including The Crimea: Europe’s Next Flashpoint? (2010). Taras Kuzio is a member of the editorial boards of Demokratizatsiya, Communist and Post-Communist Studies and Eurasian Geography and Economics and has been invited to be the guest editor of Communist and Post-Communist Studies, East European Politics and Society, Demokratizatsiya, Eurasian Geography and Economics, Nationalities Papers, Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, and Problems of Post-Communism. He has authored 38 book chapters and 100 scholarly articles on post-communist and Ukrainian politics, democratic transitions, colour revolutions, nationalism, and European studies.

05 March

Dr. Guillaume Lasconjarias

Associate Fellow
Institut Français des relations Internationales
Defense Education Adviser to the Ministry of Education and 
Associate Fellow to the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI)
PhD in History and researcher specialized on transformation and adaptation of organizations and structures, with a focus on conflicts, reconstruction and education.

05 March

Mr. Maxime Lebrun

Baltic Defence College
Maxime Lebrun has a Master’s degree in International Relations from Sciences Po Lyon. Maxime has specialized in defence and security issues and spent a year studying within the Finnish Peace Research Institute (TAPRI). Previously, Maxime has interned at the EU Delegation to the Council of Europe where he worked as a political advisor and followed the situation in Ukraine. Maxime also has experience from the European Parliament where he worked as an intern for the Legislative Coordination Unit of the EPP Group.
He was a research intern for the ICDS in January-May 2017 and became a Non-Resident Research Fellow in May 2017, focusing on European geopolitics, security and resilience as well as contributing to ICDS project “Resilient Ukraine”.
Maxime Lebrun is the lecturer on war and conflict studies at the Baltic Defence College.

05 March

Brigadier General Ilmars A. Lejins

ACOS Joint Force Development
Allied Command Transformation
Brigadier General Lejins has served in various command and staff positions throughout his military career. As Land Forces Commander and Commanding Officer of the Latvian Infantry Brigade he supported implementation of NATO eFP mission to Latvia. He has initiated professional NCO training system and was the first commandant of the NCO Academy in Latvia.
BG Lejins served in NATO at JFC Brunssum as the Branch head for Military Partnerships, and later he was acting in an advisory/mentoring role related to Host Nation Support responsibilities.

05 March

Mr. Lauri Luht

Head of National Situation Centre; Deputy Director of National Security and Defence Coordination Unit
Government Office of Estonia
Lauri is leading the National Situation Centre in the Estonian Government Office from January 2020. In 2018-2019 he was working in NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence as the head of Cyber Exercises. Before that, he was the head of Crisis Management Department in Estonian Information System Authority with the main responsibility of national cyber security policy and legal issues, cyber emergency preparedness and situational awareness development on the national level. As part of his job, Lauri has been responsible for planning national and international cyber exercises, plans and procedures for emergency preparedness and international cooperation. Lauri has done capacity building on enhancing digital societies, cyber security and critical information infrastructure protection in Ukraine, Georgia, Central- and South-America and Africa. In 2007-2013 Lauri was working in the Estonian Ministry of the Interior being responsible for supporting the Government Crisis Committee, organising national emergency preparedness and response planning as well as international co-operation issues in the field of civil protection. He is one of the authors of the first Estonian Emergency Act in 2009 and the first Estonian Cyber Security Act in 2018.
Lauri has graduated MA studies in Political Sciences (International Relations).

06 March

Mr. Andres Mäe

Expert on Energy Security
Andres Mäe has worked as, amongst other things, an editor at Radio Free Europe (1995–2003), a project manager at the Jaan Tõnisson Institute and Transparency International (2005–6) and an analyst at the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute (2007–13). He has written several researches and articles about energy security since 2007.

06 March

Prof. Andrey Makarychev

Visiting Professor
University of Tartu, Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
Andrey Makarychev is Visiting Professor at the Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies, University of Tartu. Before he came to Tartu, he was Alexander von Humboldt Foundation fellow at Institute for East European Studies, Free University of Berlin, as well as Professor of International Relations at the Linguistic University (Nizhny Novgorod, Russia).
His research interests include Russian foreign policy discourses, international security and regionalism in EU – Russia common neighborhood. He has worked for the Center for Security Studies & Conflict Research, ETH Zurich (2000-2001) and the Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS), Copenhagen (2003-2004). He was visiting fellow at several European and US Research Institutes, among them the Copenhagen Peace Research Institute; Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies (Washington, D.C.); George Mason University, Fairfax, and the JFK Institute for North American Studies, Free University of Berlin. His projects were supported a.o. by Central European University, Budapest; IREX; McArthur Foundation; OSI; NATO Democratic Institutions Fellowship Program.

05 March

Prof. Sergey Markedonov

Leading Researcher, MGIMO Institute for International Studies
Center for Euro-Atlantic Security
Sergey Markedonov is a Leading Researcher at the Euro-Atlantic Security Center of the MGIMO Institute for International Studies. He is an expert on the Caucasus, as well as the Black Sea region, regional security, nationalism, interethnic/ethno-political conflicts and de-facto states in the post-Soviet area. His publications include several books and reports, about 150 academic articles, and more than 1000 media pieces.
From 2001 to 2010, he worked as head of the Interethnic Relations Group and deputy director at the Institute for Political and Military Analysis in Moscow. From May 2010 till October 2013 he was a visiting fellow in the CSIS Russia and Eurasia Program based in Washington, DC, USA. In 2013-1018 he was an Associate Professor at the Russian State University for the Humanities.
In April-May 2015 he was a Visiting Fellow in the Russia and Central Asia Program at Fudan University, Shanghai, China. In January-February 2016 he was a Visiting Lecturer at the Center of Central Eurasian Studies at the University of Mumbai, India and in August-September – at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), Berlin.

05 March

Dr. Asta Maskaliunaite

Director of Department of Political and Strategic Studies
Baltic Defence College

Dr. Asta Maskaliūnaitė started her studies at the Institute of International Relations and Political Science at the University of Vilnius and received her M.A. and Ph.D. – both in Political Science – from the Central European University in Budapest. She has been working on the issues of terrorism since 1999. During the Ph.D. research she concentrated on the case of ETA and the role of this organisation in Spanish political life, looking into these issues through the prism of discourse theory. Her current research also includes an investigation into the conceptual origins of terrorism; the use of discourse theories in researching terrorism and counterterrorism and the role of social science in professional military education.

Areas of Expertise

  • Terrorism
  • Political violence
  • Nationalism
  • Conflict resolution
  • Philosophy of social science

Selected Publications

  • Maskaliūnaitė, Asta. 2013. Leaders make history but they do not make it as they please. Polish Quarterly of International Affairs (Special issue on occasion of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on 'The Perseverance of Terrorism: Focus on Leaders'. 2013, 22, 1.
  • Maskaliūnaitė, Asta. 2011. Terror ja demokraatia (Terror and democracy). Diplomaatia. September, 2011, 97.
  • Maskaliūnaitė, Asta. 2011. Hierarchies of Identities in a Stateless Nation Community: Case of Spanish Basque Country. [eds.] Brigita Balogh et. al. Proceedings of the International Conference European, National and Regional Identity. Oradea: University of Oradea Publishing House, 2011.
  • Maskaliūnaitė, Asta. 2009. Dirty War, Or: How Democracies Can Lose in the Fight Against Terrorism. [eds.] Ted Van Baarda and Désiree Verweij. The Moral Dimension of Asymmetric Warfare: Counter-terrorism, Democratic Values and Military Ethics. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2009.
  • Maskaliūnaitė, Asta. 2008. Old Violences, New Challenges: Adaptation of Basque ETA To Its Changing Environment. [eds.] Richard Devetak and Christopher Hughes. The Globalization of Political Violence: Globalization's Shadow. Abingdon: Routledge 2008.

06 March

Dr. Wojciech Michnik

Eisenhower Defense Fellow at NATO Defense College/Assistant professor of International and Security Studies at Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow
Dr. Wojciech Michnik is the 2019 Eisenhower Defense Fellow at the NATO Defense College focusing on Russia’s New Strategic Calculus in the Middle East as a Security Challenge for NATO’s Southern Flank. He is also an assistant professor of International and Security Studies at Jesuit University Ignatianum in Krakow. Previously he taught for over two years at American University in the Emirates in Dubai and in 2015-2016 served as a Fulbright visiting scholar at Columbia University’s Harriman Institute. In 2014 he worked as a foreign and security policy analyst at the Department of Americas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland.
Dr. Michnik holds a PhD in International Relations from Jagiellonian University.
His main research interests include International Security and NATO-Russia relations; Poland’s Foreign Policy; Great Power Competition in the Middle East and Yemen War.

05 March

Dr. Marc Ozawa

Senior Researcher at the Research Division
NATO Defense College
Dr Marc Ozawa is a Senior Researcher at the Research Division at NATO Defense College. His current research examines the role of trust in international relations, NATO-Russian relations, the geopolitics of energy, and Russian and Eurasian affairs.

He has previously held teaching, research and editorial positions at the University of Cambridge, IHS CERA, Yale University, and the Yale Journal of International Affairs. Marc has taught and supervised both undergraduate and graduate level students in the subjects of international relations, the geopolitics of energy and intrastate conflict.
He has published works on Russia’s relations with its neighbors, energy security and European-Russian relations. Marc is the co-editor of a forthcoming book titled, In Search of Good Energy Policy (Cambridge University Press) and is completing a book on European-Russian relations.
He recently co-authored and lead a multidisciplinary group on Russian-Chinese energy cooperation called, the “Power of Siberia: a pipeline good for whom?”, and co-authored a chapter with Michael Pollitt on conducting multidisciplinary research (both chapters forthcoming in In Search of Good Energy Policy from CUP).
arc is a graduate of the University of Alaska (BA), Yale University (MA) and the University of Cambridge (MSt, PhD). Additionally, he conducted coursework at Lomonosov Moscow State University and North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk.

06 March

Mr. Franek Persidski

Student of HCSC 2019
Ministry of Defence of Estonia
After graduating from the US Naval Academy, Mr. Persidski started his service as an officer in the Estonian Navy's Coast Guard, then worked for many years in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and is now contributing to defence and security policy development at the Ministry of Defence of Estonia.

05 March

Colonel Romualdas Petkevičius

NATO Energy Security Center of Excellence
Col. R. Petkevičius graduated from military academy in Riga, Latvia in 1990 with degree in engineering. He joined Lithuania Air force in 1992 and held various positions from chief engineer at First Airbase in Šiauliai, Lithuania to chief A4 branch of Lithuanian Air force. In 2000 Col. Petkevičius was appointed as Director of NATO department in the Ministry of National Defense of Lithuania. His responsibilities included interaction with NATO and national institutions in order to ensure Lithuania‘s preparation for NATO membership.
Later in his carrier col. Petekvičius was appointed to the position of Defense, Military, Air and Naval Attaché to the United States and Canada.
Next col. R. Petkevičius served as National Military Representative (NMR) of Lithuania to Supreme headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE)
Before his latest assignment as Director of NATO Energy Security Centre of Excellence (NATO ENSEC COE) col. R. Petkevičius held position of National Liaison Officer to NATO HQ SACT.

06 March

Mr. Daivis Petraitis

Deputy Department Director
Ministry of National Defence of Lithuania
Daivis Petraitis is an independent analyst in the field of Russian military, security and defense issues. In 1991 D. Petraitis joined Lithuanian Armed Forces and until 1994 served in different positions in civil defence and rescue force. During 1994-1996 period he studied in the University of Maryland (USA) earning a Master of Public Policy degree in International Security and Economy with additional concentration on Public Finance Management. During the period of 1996-1997 he continued serving as a senior officer and head of military standardization in General Staff Operational division. During the following periods he held relevant positions as a head of military information analysis (J2) Defence Staff (1998-1999), an assistant to the chief of Defence Staff on Arms control and verification (1999), a head of analysis in J2 Defence Staff (2000-2003) and a deputy National Military Representative at SHAPE (2003-2006). After a retirement D. Petraitis joined Ministry of National Defence of Lithuania as a head of Defense Policy section in the Defense Policy and Planning department. Since 2012 he is a deputy director in the International Relations and Operations department. He has also graduated from programs presented in Rescue Board School (Sweden), Army School (Denmark), Geneva Security and Policy Center (Switzerland), Defence Intelligence Agency (USA), Baltic Defence College (Estonia) and a number of specialized military courses. D. Petraitis published a number of studies on Russian military and other related issues

05 March

Dr. Illimar Ploom

Associate Professor
Estonian Military Academy
Illimar Ploom is an associate professor at the Department of Strategy and Innovation at the Estonian Military Academy. He holds a doctoral degree in modern history (D.Phil.) from the University of Oxford (“On the Character of the British Conservative Tradition: Disraelian and Thatcherite creeds in an Oakeshottian Perspective”). He has worked as a researcher and lecturer at Tartu University and Tallinn University of Technology. His main research interests include EU-Russia relations, European security and defense initiatives, resilience and comprehensive defence approaches and European integration theory.

05 March

Mr. Robert Pszczel

Senior Officer for Russia
NATO Public Diplomacy Division
Senior Officer for Russia, Public Diplomacy Division, NATO HQ, Brussels

Work experience

2015–Feb 2017 Acting Head, NIO
2010 – 2015Head, NATO Information Office in Moscow (NIO)
1999- 2010Senior Press Officer, Press and Media, Public Diplomacy Division, NATO HQ
1997 – 1999Counsellor, Polish Delegation to NATO, NATO HQ
1993 - 1997First Secretary, Embassy of the Republic of Poland, Brussels
1990 – 1993Expert, Department of European Institutions, Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Warsaw
1988 – 1990Journalist, SM daily newspaper, Warsaw


1991Diplomatic course, Clingendael Institute, The Hague, Netherlands
1987MSc (international relations), Warsaw University
1984BSc (econ), International relations, London School of Economics and Political Science


Gold Cross of Merit of the Republic of Poland – bestowed by the President of Poland
Gold Medal of Merit for Country Defence – bestowed by the Minister of National Defence of Poland

06 March

Dr. András Rácz

Non-Resident Fellow
Estonian Foreign Policy Institute
Dr. András Rácz is a Non-Resident Fellow of the Estonian Foreign Policy Institute at the International Centre for Defense and Security since March 2018. He is also Associate Professor at the Pázmány Péter Catholic University in Budapest, Hungary and Senior Researcher at the Center for Strategic and Defense Studies.
András has previously worked as Senior Research Fellow of the Finnish Institute of International Affairs between 2014 and 2016, and as Senior Research Fellow of the Hungarian Institute of International Affairs until 2014. He was a member of the European Foreign and Security Policy Studies program of the Volkswagen Foundation and Visiting Fellow at the Transatlantic Academy of the German Marshall Fund in Washington D.C. His most relevant publications include “Russia’s Hybrid War in Ukraine: Breaking the Enemy’s Ability to Resist”, as well as a collection of studies titled “Fog of Falsehood. Russia’s Strategy of Deception and the Conflict in Ukraine” written and edited together with Katri Pynnöniemi. Both reports were published by the Finnish Institute of International Affairs in 2015 and 2016, respectively. In 2016 his report titled “The frozen conflicts of the EU’s Eastern Neighbourhood and their impact on the respect of human rights” was published by the European Parliament. He has published, lectured and commented widely on Russian and post-Soviet foreign, security and defense policy.

05 March

Mr. Sven Sakkov

International Center for Defence and Security, Tallinn
International Centre for Defence and Security is a foreign affairs and defence think tank based in Tallinn, Estonia. Besides conducting wide-ranging research ICDS is also organising Lennart Meri Conference, Annual Baltic Conference on Defence (ABCD), publishing monthly “Diplomaatia” magazine and running Estonian National Defence Course.
Before joining ICDS Sven Sakkov served for 2 years as the director of NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence (NATO CCD COE), an international knowledge hub specialising in research, training and exercises in the areas of technology, strategy, operations and law.
Between 2008 and 2015 Sakkov served as an undersecretary for defence policy (policy director) of the Ministry of Defence of Estonia. During his tenure as a policy director Sven Sakkov was responsible for policy planning, threat assessments, NATO and EU policy, international cooperation and arms control. He was an Estonian representative to the NATO’s Senior Officials’ Group and High Level Group.
Previously he had served at the Estonian Embassy in Washington and Estonian Mission to NATO, as national security and defence advisor to the President of Estonia and as the director of Policy Planning of MOD.
Sven Sakkov has studied at the Royal College of Defence Studies (course of 2011-12), University of Cambridge (M.Phil. in international relations) and University of Tartu (B.A. cum laude in history).

06 March

Major General Serhii Salkutsan

Deputy Commandant
National Defence University of Ukraine
Sergii Salkutsan, was born on the 26thof August,1971 in the town of Kamenskeof the Dnipropetrovsk region.

Sumy High Artillery Command Academy (1992);
National Defence Academy of Ukraine, operational-tactical level (1999);
Post-graduate studies at National Defence Academy of Ukraine (2002);
National Defence University of Ukraine, operational-strategic level (2012).

Military service
1992-1994– commander of fire artillery platoon;
1994-1996 – commander of artillery battery;
1996-1997 – chief of staff – first deputy commander of artillery division;
2003-2010 – teaching positions (lecturer, associate professor, deputy head of the department), National Defence University of Ukraine;
2010-2013 – head of department, National Defence University of Ukraine;
from 2013 – deputy chief of the National Defence University of Ukraine named Ivan Chernjakhovsky (educational work)

Lieutenant (1992), senior lieutenant (1994), captain (1997), major (2000), lieutenant colonel (2004), colonel (2009), major general (2017)

Scientific and educational activity
PhD in historical sciences (2003).
Associate professor (2009).
Major direction of research – theory and practice of defeating the enemy with fire; theory of military education.
Author of more than 70 scientific works.

Sport, modern music, military history.

05 March

Mr. Kusti Salm

Director General, National Armaments Director
Estonian Centre for Defence Investment
Mr Kusti Salm assumed into the office of the Director General of the Estonian Centre of Defence Investment in 2019. In his capacity, he is also fulfilling the role of National Armaments Director.
As a DG of the Centre he is responsible for defence development and acquisition, infrastructure development, real-estate management and life-cycle management of Estonian Defence Forces’ and the Estonian Ministry of Defence. The ECDI has a budget of 342 million euros, an equivalent of more than 50% of Estonian defence expenditure.
In 2017 he was the Chairman of the FOP EDIDP, a chief negotiator for the European Defence Industrial Development Programme, a 500 million investment programme to the European Defence Industry. In NATO he represents Estonia in the Conference of National Armaments Directors (CNAD). In EDA he serves as a member of the NAD Steering Board. Additionally, he serves as a Founding Member of the ECSO Board of Directors, the biggest EU investment vehicle to cyber security.
Mr Salm started his career in the Estonian MoD as an adviser on the EU defence policy. Before assuming into his present position, he was the Director of Defence Investments Department (2016 – 2019) and the Defence Industry and Innovation Department (2015-2016). In 2011 – 2015 he served as an Armaments Co-operation Counsellor in the Permanent Representation of Estonia to NATO. Furthermore, he has been the initiator of two Estonian flagship defence R&D programmes – the development of NATO Cyber Range Capability and the EU level programme on the Modular Unmanned Ground Systems.
He was born on the 17th of April 1984 in Tallinn. He has graduated from the University of Tartu and has a degree in the Political Sciences. He has also studied Business Administration in the University of Maastricht. In 2014 Mr Salm completed the SERA (Session Europeenne des Responsible d’Armament) course and in 2009 the High Level Course of the European Security and Defence College. In 2015 he was among the first group of graduates from the Estonian MoD’s Future Leadership training programme.

05 March

Mr. Jānis Sārts

Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence
Jānis Sārts was appointed as Director of the NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence in 2015. However, he began his career in the Ministry of Defence.
Educated in Faculty of History at the University of Latvia. He had a successful carrier in the Ministry of Defence, being promoted as a director of the Defence Policy Department, where he was in charge of development and implementation of Latvia’s annual national plans for membership to NATO.

From 2002 – 2007, Mr. Sārts headed the Defence Section of Latvia’s Delegation to NATO and EU in Brussels and he was also a Special Advisor to Georgia on defence reforms and NATO integration plans.

He was a State Secretary of the Ministry of Defence, Latvia for seven years (2008 – 2015), having led the defence reforms during crisis period, developing a new state defence concept, and encouraging regional defence cooperation within NATO and the EU.
From 2012 to 2015 Mr. Sārts was heading the Latvian Government’s efforts to increase its security and defence in cyberspace. During this period, he was a Chair of the National Cyber Security Board, a body that is responsible for formulating and overseeing the implementation of Latvia’s cyber security policy. In addition, J.Sārts was responsible for overseeing the work of the National Information Technology Security Incident Response Institution – CERT.LV.

06 March

Colonel Dr. Josef Schröfel

European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats, Helsinki
Josef Schroefl, born 1962, started his career in the Austrian Armed Forces in 1982 and worked since that in various areas of the military, including several UN-tours within UNDOF to Syria. Since 2006 he served in the Austrian MoD heading: “Comprehensive Approach”, “Hybrid threats” and “Cyber Security/Cyber Defence”.
He holds an M.A. in Intern. Relations from the University of Delaware/US and a Ph.D. in Intern. Politics from the University of Vienna. Lectures upon invitation at Universities in Europe and worldwide. Several publications/books on Asymmetric/Cyber/Hybrid threats, crisis, and warfare.
Current position: Deputy Director for Strategy & Defence at the hybrid CoE in Helsinki/Finland.

05 March

Dr. Zdzislaw Sliwa

Baltic Defence College
Col. (ret.) Dr. Śliwa is the dean at the Baltic Defense College. He holds a Ph.D. in Military Science from the National Defence University in Warsaw. He completed his education in Poland’s military institutions, including the Mechanised Forces Military Academy and the National Defence University. He was also educated abroad, including at the United States Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth and the People’s Liberation Army National Defence University’s Centre of Strategic Studies in Beijing.
During his military service, Dr. Śliwa commanded units up to battalion level and served also at the operational level as the Chief of Operational Branch J3 in the KFOR Headquarters in Pristina in Kosovo and also the Chief of Operational Planning Branch J5 in the Polish Armed Forces Operational Command in Warsaw. When working for Polish military educational institutions, he was the Chief of Combat Service Support Chair, Land Forces Military Academy in Wroclaw and also the Head of Military Studies Department at the National Defence University in Warsaw. Since it began in 2009, Dr. Śliwa has been involved in the Latvian National Defence Academy-Baltic Defence College Master’s Degree as a supervisor.
Areas of Expertise
  • Contemporary military operations
  • International relations
  • Central Asian Security
  • Indo-Pacific affairs

Selected Publications

  • Zdzislaw Sliwa, Col Professor Leszek Elak. 2017. The Suwalki Gap – NATO's fragile hot spot. Published by: The Scientific Quarterly No 2 Vol. 103, The War Studies University, Warsaw, Poland
  • Zdzislaw Sliwa, Prof. Andrzej Bujak. 2017. Global aspects of security environment — the ‘One Belt, One Road’ project. Published by: Economics and Law Vol 15, No 4 (2016), Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland.
  • Zdzislaw Sliwa. 2016. CHINA’S SECURITY CONCEPT OF ANTI-ACCESS /AREA-DENIAL – AA/AD Published in: The Scientific Journal No 2(26), The Polish Air Force Academy, Deblin
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław. 2015. Uwarunkowania bezpieczeństwa Chin na początku XXI wieku (The security environment of China at the beginning of the XXI Century), Wyższa Szkoła Oficerska Sił Powietrznych (Polish Air Force Academy), Dęblin 2015, 334 s., ISBN 978-83-64636-33-2, monography.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław, Antczak Anna, Zaniewski Rafał, 2015, Wojna XXI Wieku. Początki wojny „trzeciej fali” (The War of the 21st Century. The Beginnings of the War of the ”Third Wave”), published by Vizja Press&IT, 234 p., Warsaw 2015. ISBN 978-83-62855-57-5, monography..
  • Śliwa Zdzislaw and Załęski, Krzysztof, 2015. Air Power Role in Asia (status, trends), the Air Force Academy, Dęblin, Poland
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław. 2015. Kształtowanie bezpieczeństwa militarnego Azji Centralnej (Development of Central Asia Military Security). Deblin: The Air Force Academy, 2015.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław, 2014. chapter 12: The fields of development of Polish relations with Asian countries (Obszary rozwoju relacji Polski z krajami azjatyckimi); and chapter 15: The Polish Armed Forces contribution to operations outside the country (Udział Sił Zbrojnych RP w operacjach poza granicami kraju); in: Anna Antczak-Barzan (ed.), Projekt „POLSKA” Silne i bezpieczne państwo? (Project „POLAND” - Strong and safe country?), Science –research project, Wyższa Szkoła Finansów i Zarządzania w Warszawie (Finance and Management University in Warsaw), Vizja Press&IT, Warsaw 2014.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław and Górnikiewicz, Marcin. 2013. Security Cooperation between Poland and the Baltic Region. Baltic Security and Defence Review. 2013, 15, 2.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław. 2013. Zapad 2013: The Russian Armed Forces Flexes its Muscles. Fort Levenworth, Kansas: Foreign Military Studies Office, 2013.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław and Gabrielsson, Risto. 2013. Baltic Region Energy Security – The Trouble with European Solidarity. Baltic Security and Defence Review. 2013, 15, 1.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław. 2012. Kierunki rozwoju Szanghajskiej Organizacji Współpracy (Future developments of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation). Warsaw: National Defence University, 2012.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław and Załęski, Krzysztof. 2012. Rola sił powietrznych Chin w regionie (Role of the Chinese Air Force in Asia). Bellona, 2012, 3.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław and Brążkiewicz, Dariusz. 2011. Azja: Konflikty i zagrożenia bezpieczeństwa (Asia: Conflicts and Security Threats). Warsaw: National Defence University, 2011.
  • Śliwa, Zdzisław and Brążkiewicz, Dariusz. 2011. Współczesne uwarunkowania bezpieczeństwa Azji (Contemporary Asian Security Considerations). Warsaw: National Defence University, 2011.


Polish, English and Russian

05 March

Dr. Sandis Šrāders

Baltic Defence College
Sandis Šrāders is a Lecturer in Russian Strategic and Military Studies at the Baltic Defence College. Prior to joining the College, he was an Associate Fellow at the Latvian Institute of International Affairs. In his previous positions he has served as a Board Member and Secretary General of the Latvian Transatlantic Organisation, Manager at the British Council of Commerce in Latvia, Senior Expert at the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Latvia and a Consultant of the EU programs for the ICT development.
Sandis has been working with diverse international projects like, for example, preparation of an intellectual capital for the Latvian Presidency of the EU's Council in a framework of the project "Riga Process". As one of the initiators of the "Baltic Guards" project, he is an adamant supporter of the annual initiative taking place in one of the Baltic States.
His academic interests are Transatlantic relations, American foreign policy, international political economy, energy security and role of small states in international relations among other areas.

05 March

Mr. Tommy Steiner

Senior Research Fellow
Institute for Policy and Strategy (IPS), Lauder School of Government, Diplomacy & Strategy
Tommy Steiner is a senior research fellow at the Institute for Policy and Strategy, IDC Herzliya. At the Institute, Tommy works on various policy research projects focusing mainly on Israel’s foreign relations, and on NATO and European relations with Israel and the Middle East.

A member of the founding team of the Annual Herzliya Conference Series, Tommy managed the Conference series from 2007 through 2013. Concurrently, Tommy teaches International Relations and Security Studies at IDC's Lauder School of Government.

Tommy served as the executive director of the Atlantic Forum of Israel, a network-based policy organization that promoted and advanced Israel's relations with the Euro-Atlantic Community, and which was especially instrumental in enhancing NATO-Israel relations.

Extending beyond EU/NATO relations with Israel and the Middle East/Mediterranean, Tommy's fields of expertise also include international security, transatlantic relations, and great-power relations. Tommy earned his MA (cum laude) in International Relations from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and is the recipient of the Yehoshafat Harkaby Award from the Hebrew University's Leonard Davis Institute for International Relations.

05 March

Dr. Oleksandr Sukhodolia

The National Institute for Strategic Studies of Ukraine
Head of Energy Security and Technogenic Safety Department
Dr. Oleksandr Suhkhodolia graduated from the National Technical University of Ukraine in 1994 studying under the Department of Electrical Power Engineering and Automatics. He received his PhD in Electrical Engineering in 1999 from the National Technical University of Ukraine. His second doctoral degree was in Public Administration from the National Academy of Public Administration of Ukraine in 2007.
He’s focus has been energy security and public service. Until 2003, he served as Head of Department and Deputy Head of State Committee of Ukraine on Energy Conservation, later until 2011, he continued his career as a Deputy Head of Energy Security Department at the Secretariat of the National Security and Defence Council of Ukraine.
He also worked on energy security issues at the Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, the George Washington University. He has taught Energy Efficiency and Energy Policy at the Energy Saving and Energy Management Institute, the National Technical University of Ukraine. In 2013-2016 he was a professor of Energy Security Policy at the National Academy of Public Administration.
In 2012, he joined the National Institute for Strategic Studies of Ukraine. Oleksandr Sukhodolia is a Head of Energy Security and Technogenic Safety Department. His research interests focus on national and energy security, energy policy, energy markets, and critical energy infrastructure protection.

06 March

Prof. Dmitry Suslov

Deputy Director, Centre for Comprehensive European and International Studies
National Research University, Moscow
Dmitry V. Suslov (born 1979) performs a Deputy Director at the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies (since 2006), which belongs to the National Research University – High School of Economics, Senior lecturer at the Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs of the NRU – HSE (since 2008), as well as a Deputy Director for Research at the Council on Foreign and Defense Policy (since 2004).
In both NRU – HSE and CFDP he conducts research on various issues of World Politics and International Relations, including the US Global Strategy and Russia-US relations, problems of Governance of the International System, EU evolution and policies and Russia-EU relations, problems of European, Atlantic and Eurasian security, Russian Foreign Policy. He also acts as a regular consultant of the Russian government institutions and business enterprises on the US policies and US-Russia relations, EU-Russia relations, and European and Euro-Atlantic security issues.
He is also a Program Director at the Valdai International Discussion Club (since 2014), and a member of the Valdai Club as such.
Besides, Mr. Suslov is the Russian coordinator and member of the Working Group on the Future of the US-Russia Relations, which isa joint venture of the NRU - Higher School of Economics and Harvard University (since 2010).
Mr. Suslov has co-authored several books (incl. The U.S. Policy in Asia Pacific (Moscow, 2014), Non-Military Instruments of the Russian Foreign Policy: Regional and Global Mechanisms (Moscow, 2012); Russia: a Strategy for the New World (Moscow, 2011), Russia vs. Europe. Confrontation or Alliance? (Moscow, 2009), How Could Russia Gain from the World Economic Crisis? (Moscow, 2009), Russia and the World. A New Epoch (Moscow, 2008), The World Politics (Moscow, 2008), The World Around Russia:2017. (Moscow, 2007), The Asia Polygon (Moscow, 2007), etc.), many analytical reports (among the latest ones is The US-Russia Relations After the Reset: Building a New Agenda. Moscow, 2011), and published numerous articles in Russian and foreign academic magazines and press on Russia-EU and Russia-US relations, as well as broader issues of International Relations and World Politics.
Mr. Suslov is also the principal author of the monthly analytical reports on the current development and prospects of the US-Russia Relations, which are distributed among key Russian governmental institutions, business enterprises and decision-makers.
At the NRU– Higher School of Economics (School of World Economy and International Affairs) Mr. Suslov teaches courses on the US Domestic and Foreign Policy (for BA and MA students), Introduction to World Politics and International Relations (for BA students), Global Governance (for MA students), US-Russia Relations After the End of the Cold War (for MA students),and the Russia-EU Relations (for MA students).
Before joining the CFDP and the NRU-HSE, Dmitry Suslov worked as a Foreign Affairs Staff Writer for Nezavisimaya Gazeta (The Independent Newspaper) – one of the most respected liberal Federal editions in Russia. Performing as a journalist, Mr. Suslov published about 300 reports, commentaries, surveys and interviewers on various issues of world affairs and Russian Foreign Policy.
Mr. Suslov Suslov graduated from Saint-Petersburg State University, School of International Relations (2001), and Institute of the USA and Canada, Russian Academy of Sciences (2005).

05 March

Colonel Ilmar Tamm

Director, Joint Command and General Staff Course/Civil Servants’ Course
Baltic Defence College
Born on 4th of May 1972, Tartu, Estonia

1991 Tallinn Polytechnics College

Military education:
1994 Finnish Defence Forces Military Academy
1995 US Army Signal Center, Signal Officer’s course
1998 Finnish National Defence University, Battalion Commander’s course
1999 Finnish Defence Forces Signal School, Signal Officer’s course
2001 Finnish National Defence University, Senior Staff Officer’s course
2013 UK Royal College of Defence Studies, post-graduate-level course in international strategic studies

1992 Conscription service in the Estonian Defence Forces
1994 – 1995 Signal Battalion, Commander of the Signal Company
1996 Signal Battalion, S-3 of the Battalion
1996 – 1997 Signal Battalion, Chief of Staff
1997 – 1998 Commanding Officer of the Signal Battalion
1998 – 1999 Head of G-6 of the Headquarters of the Estonian Defence Forces
2001 – 2005 Chief of the Communication and Information Systems Department of the Headquarters of the Estonian Defence Forces (J-6)
2005 – 2008 G6 Current OPS and Exercises Section Head at the Allied Land Component Command, Heidelberg Germany
2007 – 2008 Chief of the Joint Communication Coordination Centre/OPS at ISAF HQ CJ6, Kabul Afghanistan
2008 – 2012 NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Director
2013 – 2018 Chief of Staff of the Headquarters of the Estonian Defence League
2018 – Course Director of the JCGSC, Baltic Defence College

1994 – Second lieutenant
1996 – Lieutenant
1998 – Captain
2001 – Major
2005 – Lieutenant colonel
2013 – Colonel

Awards and Decorations:
Order of the Cross of the Eagle (V class)
White Cross of the Defence League (II class)
Service Cross of the Estonian Ministry of Defence (III class)
Distinguished Service Decoration of the Estonian Defence Forces
Distinguished Service Cross of the Estonian Defence Forces
Meritorious Service Cross of the Estonian Defence Forces
Distinguished Service Decoration of the Estonian Defence League
NATO Meritorious Service Medal
COMISAF Commendation
Non-Article 5 NATO Medal (ISAF)
Memorial medal “10 years of restoration of the Defence Forces”
Finnish Defence Forces Signal Officer’s Cross

Marital status:
Married, 2 daughters

06 March

Mr. Andris Teikmanis

Chancery of the President of the Republic of Latvia
Mr. Andris Teikmanis is Head of the Chancery of the President of Latvia since August 2019. 
Mr. Andris Teikmanis has been Latvian Ambassador to the United States of America since September 2016. Before the post in the United States of America, Mr Andris Teikmanis served as Ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Non-resident Ambassador to the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand.
Mr. Andris Teikmanis was a Secretary of State and Deputy Secretary of State to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia, Ambassador of Latvia to Federal Republic of Germany, Russian Federation, and Council of Europe. From 1990 to 1994, he served as Chairman of Riga City Council for four years.
Mr. Andris Teikmanis holds a degree in Law from the University of Latvia.

06 March

General (ret.) Riho Terras

Member of European Parliament
GEN Riho Terras was born on April 17, 1967 in Kohtla-Järve, Estonia.
1985 Graduated from Jõhvi Secondary School.
1985–1988 Compulsory military service in USSR navy.
After graduating from the Basic Officer's Course in Estonia, GEN Terras served as a Company Commander and as a Battalion Second in Command of the Kalev Single Infantry Battalion from 1992 to
Between 1993 and 1994 GEN Terras served as the commander of the Põhja Single Infantry Company. After graduating from the Bundeswehr University (Germany) he served as the commander of the Guard Battalion from 1998 to 2000. GEN Terras was appointed the Chief of Staff of the Defence League Headquarters in 2000. From 2001 to 2004 he served as the Estonian Defence Attaché in Germany and Poland.
Between 2005 and 2008 GEN Terras served as the Chief of the Analysis and Planning Department and as Chief of the Planning Section, Analysis and Planning Department in the Estonian Defence Forces Headquarters. In 2007, GEN Terras served in the NATO Training Mission - Iraq as Deputy Chief of Staff.
GEN Riho Terras was confirmed on December 2008 as Permanent Secretary of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. Before taking up the position of the Permanent Secretary, he was Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations in the Estonian Defence Forces.
GEN Terras served as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations of the Estonian Defence forces from January 2011 to March 2011 and then continued his service as the Chief of Staff of the Estonian Defence Forces.
GEN Riho Terras was appointed the Chief of Defence from December 5th 2011- December 5th 2018.
GEN Terras joined MILREM ROBOTICS as the President of the Defense Division on January 21th 2019
From 01.02.2020 is GEN Terras Member of the European Parliament.

His military education includes studies in the Royal College of Defence Studies in the United Kingdom, the Joint Command and General Staff Course in the Baltic Defence College, the European Security Policy Course in the Geneva Centre of Security Policy, a Battalion Commander's Course in Switzerland, a Company Commander's course in Germany, a Company Commander's course in Sweden and the Officer's Basic course in Estonia.
GEN Terras's civilian education includes history studies in the University of Tartu, and a master's degree in Political Science and Sociology from the University of Bundeswehr.

Awards and decorations:
Order of the Cross of the Eagle 1st class, Distinguished Service Decoration of the EDF, Cross of Merit of the Ministry of Defence 1st Class, MoD Medal of Participants in International Military Operations,
Foreign decorations:
2007 NATO Medal, 2010 Gold Cross of Honour of the Bundeswehr, 2012 Order of Viesturs (Republic of Latvia), 2013 Knight Commander Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, 2013 National Order of the Legion of Honour (French Republic), 2014 Order for Merit of the Republic of Poland, 2014 Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the Lion of Finland, 2019 Commander of the Legion of Merit US
In addition to the Estonian language GEN Terras is fluent in English, German and Russian, basics in French. He is married with two sons. His hobbies include opera, medieval history and hunting.

05 March

05 March

Brigadier General Riho Ühtegi

Estonian Defence League
1982 graduated from Elva Gymnasium
2007 graduated from Tartu University (Law MA)

Military Education
1994 graduated from Officers’ Training Course in National Defense Academy
1996 graduated from the Netherlands’ Staff College, International Staff Officers’ Course
1998 graduated from G. Marshall Center in Germany, International Defense and Security Studies’ Course
2003 graduated from Baltic Defence College, Colonels’ course

Military Career
1982 – 1984 conscript service in the Soviet Army
1991 – 1993 Platoon Commander in the Police Forces
1993 Company Commander
1993 – 1996 Chief of Section in Intelligence Department of the Headquarters of the Estonian Defence Forces (EDF HQ)
1996 – 2006 Chief of Intelligence Department of the EDF HQ
1998 – 2006 Commander of Military Intelligence Battalion
2006 – Peace Operations Center, Team Commander (foreign mission in Afghanistan)
2006 – 2007 Commander of Military Intelligence Battalion
2007 – 2008 Lecturer in Military Academy, Chair of Brigade and Battalion level Tactics
2008 – 2010 Chief of Intelligence Department of Army Staff
2010 – Contingent Commander in the 1st Infantry Brigade’s Kalev Battalion (foreign mission in Afghanistan)
2011 – Chief of Intelligence Department of Army Staff
2011 – 2012 Defense Attaché of the Republic of Estonia in Georgia
2012 – 2019 Commander of ESTSOF
2019 – Commander of the Estonian Defence League

Military ranks
1994 Lieutenant
1995 Captain
1998 Major
2010 Lieutenant Colonel
2016 Colonel
2019 Brigadier General

The Cross of Eagle, 4th Class Order
The Cross of Eagle, 5th Class Order
Golden Badge of Ministry of Defence
Badge of Merit of the EDF
Defence Long-service Medal (EDF)
Defence Distinguished Service Cross (EDF)
Service Medal of EDF HQ
Army Officer Golden Cross
Service Medal of Army Staff
10 years of restored Defence Forces Memorial Medal
White Cross of the Estonian Defence League, 4th Class Order
Service Medal of the Estonian Defence League, 1st Class
Service Medal of the Estonian Defence League, 2nd Class
Medal of Special Services of the Estonian Defence League
Medal for participation in international peacekeeping operations
Medal of NATO Non-article 5 operations
Paratrooper wings of the EDF, US Marines, Germany and France
Service Badge of Intelligence Battalion
Service Badge of ESTSOF
The US Army Commendation Medal
General Kvinitadze Medal, Georgia

Participation in organizations
Member of the Estonian Defence League since 1990
President of the Estonian Shooting Sport Federation since 2019

Additional languages
English, Russian

Marital Status
Married, two daughters

06 March

Major General (ret.) Neeme Väli

Estonian Defence League
2007-2011 COS of the JHQ of the Estonian Defence Forces
2011-2012 Estonian Military Representative to NATO and EU
2012-2016 Deputy Director General and Director of the Plans and Policy Division of International Military Staff, NATO HQ
2016-2018 Member of Senior External Advisory Board and Senior Expert Group for Strategic Commanders and Secretary-General of NATO
2019 Chairman of the Board of Elders, Estonian Defence League

05 March

Dr. Viljar Veebel

Eastern European and Russian Studies
Baltic Defence College

Viljar Veebel is researcher of the Department of Political and Strategic Studies at the Baltic Defence College. He holds a B.A. in International Relations from University of Tartu, M.A in International relations from University of Tartu (“Spill-over barrier in European integration process”) and doctoral degree in political science (Ph.D.) from University of Tartu (“The Role and Impact of Positive Conditionality in the EU Pre-Accession Policy”). He has worked as academic advisor of the Estonian government in the European Future Convention and as researcher for several research institutions, including OSCE, SIDA, the European Council on Foreign Relations, Estonian Foreign Policy Institute, Latvia Institute of International Affairs and Eurasia Group. He has been lecturing in University of Tartu, Estonian National Defence College, Ukrainian Diplomatic Academy, OSCE Border Management Staff College and Estonian Diplomatic Academy. His main areas of competence cover: Russian military doctrine and strategic ambitions; game theory non-cooperative game models in security studies and deterrence; positive conditionality concept in initiating reforms and policy change; concepts and models of deterrence for small nation states; hybrid warfare and concept of deterrence during hybrid warfare.

Work Experience

2017 – Research fellow, Baltic Defence College
2013 – 2017 Associate Professor, Estonian National Defence College
2015 – 2016 Visiting lecturer at Johann Skytte Institute of Tartu University
2004 – 2016 Lecturer of International relations, Estonian School of Diplomacy
2014 – 2016 OSCE Border Management Staff College, lecturer
2004 – 2012 Lecturer of International relations and European studies, University of Tartu
2006 – 2007 External expert for the master program development, Ukrainian Diplomatic Academy
2002 – 2003 Advisor of the Estonian Government in the Future Convention of Europe

RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: Specific competence areas

  • Russian military doctrine and strategic ambitions
  • Game theory non-cooperative game models in security studies and deterrence
  • Positive conditionality concept in initiating reforms and policy change
  • Concepts and models of deterrence for small nation states
  • Hybrid warfare and concept of deterrence during hybrid warfare.
  • Use of economic sanctions as foreign policy tool
  • Methodology of teaching and researching in social sciences


2012 – Estonian National Research board reward in category of doctoral dissertations 

05 March

05 March

Major Stasys Vilkinas

Student of JCGSC
Baltic Defence College

05 March

City of Tartu

Tartu is the second largest city in Estonia and the educational heart of the country. As such, it has a dynamic and young scene with a lot of potential. From conferences and Ph.D-s to cultural events and sport—everything and everyone finds a home in Tartu.;

**This conference is supported also by Tartu Conference Bureau.**

Embassy of Canada

Canada values its relationship with Estonia as a like-minded NATO ally and as a member of the EU, which is one of Canada’s most important international partners. Canada has strong people-to-people ties with Estonia, including a vibrant community of 24,000 Estonian-Canadians, and has strongly supported Estonia’s sovereignty and security. The deployment of Canadian troops to Latvia under the NATO “enhanced Forward Presence” initiative is a reflection of the determination of Canada to support all NATO allies against any external threats. Canada works with Estonia on a wide range of issues including regional security, advancing a rules-based international order that protects the sovereignty and security of all states, and addressing global challenges, including in regard to climate.

Canada is represented in Estonia by Ambassador Kevin Rex, resident in Riga, Latvia, and by the Office of the Embassy of Canada in Tallinn. The Office of the Embassy in Tallinn engages with Estonian authorities and other interlocutors on the full range of issues of mutual interest between Canada and Estonia, including in the areas of political, cultural, educational, commercial and economic relations.

The Office of the Embassy, which opened in 1991, is located in Toom-Kooli, near to the Estonian Riigikogu (Parliament), and is headed by a Chargé d’affaires, with three locally-engaged employees. Until September 2019, the Office of the Embassy in Tallinn had only locally-engaged staff. The addition of the new Canada-based diplomatic position to the Office reflects, as was noted by Prime Minister Trudeau in a letter to Prime Minister Ratas in August 2019, the importance that Canada places on relations with Estonia.

The Canadian Defence Attaché for Estonia is a resident in Riga.

Embassy of Georgia

Opened in 2007, the primary objective of the Embassy is to protect the national interests of Georgia and its citizens. Embassy’s daily activity is focused on further strengthening the existing relationships between Georgia and Estonia in political, economic, cultural and other priority areas.

Estonian Military Academy

The Estonian Military Academy (EMA) is an institution of professional higher education.
Our mission is to educate military personnel for the Estonian Defence Forces and the Estonian Defence League and to support the development of the Estonian Defence Forces through research activities.
The Estonian Military Academy provides:
  • Bachelor level education on military leadership for Army, Navy and Air Force junior officers;
  • Master-level education on military leadership for Army officers;
  • Career courses for non-commissioned officers;
  • Vocational military training, including medical- and language training;
  • Research in the field of military science.

Konrad Adenauer Stiftung

Freedom, justice, and solidarity are the basic principles underlying the work of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS). The KAS is a political foundation, co-founded by the CDU and the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967). KAS consulting and education projects in Estonia contribute to education and further training of leaders, encouraging information exchange about political goals and institutions within the Euro-Atlantic structures.

NATO Defense College

Provides senior-level education and brings together senior-level military and civilian officials to interact on NATO issues in a unique, diverse and multicultural setting while cultivating multi-national consensus-building and providing opportunities for multinational networking. It engages in comprehensive outreach in support of Alliance strategic objectives and conducts strategic security studies and research in support of the Alliance's wider goals.

NATO Public Diplomacy Division

University of Tartu

UT is the hub and birthplace of Estonian higher education. Established in 1632, it is among the top 1,2% of the world’s best universities.


11:30 AM 12:00 PM Foyer of the Dorpat Conference Centre

Administrative Remarks

12:00 PM 12:10 PM Struve Hall


Welcome Address by BALTDEFCOL Commandant

12:10 PM 12:30 PM Struve Hall


The Keynote Address: Assessing Russia´s Words and Deeds: the Cold War or the Imperial Déjà Vu?

12:30 PM 01:00 PM Struve Hall

Russia was seen as a weak and stumbling democracy under Yeltsin. It has been a managed democracy, but yet is surging as autocracy, empire or another opaque union under Putin. To its neighbors, Russia has worn many masks; it has been a restless empire, a coercive union of freedom-seeking states bound by the self-defeating ideology. Times change, but does the legacy of Russia’s complex past still haunt it and it’s neighbors today? How does Russia’s past transcend into words and deeds today?


Keynote Panel: Russia's Vision of the Global Order

01:00 PM 02:30 PM Struve Hall

Once upon a time Winston Churchill succinctly named Russian domestic politics as the dogfights for power under Kremlin’s rug. Then, Churchill witnessed a time when Kremlin’s ideas and interests were turning into actions all the way until Stalin’s passing and sometimes even beyond. If words then became the truth, what does Russia’s rhetoric herald for today? Like an English breakfast tea made better with supplements, is it like a bark about Eurasianism, changing Russia, alternative governance, novel partnerships or closer ties with the West, but without the much desired milk these days?


Coffee break

02:30 PM 03:00 PM Foyer

Parallel Session A1. The State of the Russia-US Relations and the Impact on the Euro-Atlantic Security

03:00 PM 04:30 PM Struve Hall

During the Cold War, the USSR was America’s top priority. The collapse of the Soviet Union put Russia as Washington’s top stability concern. At the same time, rising and new international powers, all significant partners and challengers for the United States, have heralded a new arrangement of global might. In this context, where do existing or potential areas of cooperation lie between the US and Russia? To what extent does the US-Russia relationship shape and influence the security of Europe?


Parallel Session A2. Weapon Sales: a Cooperation Vector for Russia

03:00 PM 04:30 PM Baer Hall

With such capacity, weapons’ sales is for any country a means to build long-term political and strategic ties with clients and partners. While the Western exports are tightly regulated, this panel will attempt to map Russia’s relations and political ties with its clients. What are the clients for Russia’s military industrial sector? What such cooperation mean for the Euro-Atlantic community? Is it competitive enough? What political ties or geopolitical orientation trigger deals with Moscow?How compatible with the alternative exporters of weaponry is the Russian military-industrial sector?


Parallel Session A3. The Convulsions of the Middle East: Russia's Role and Impact

03:00 PM 04:30 PM Peterson Hall

No international power has been indifferent percolating knot of the instability of the broader Middle East. All major international or regional powers bear substantial interests, including Russia. Moscow has been present in the region for decades - proactively, actively or passively upholding its interests, partners, and regimes. What are its interests in the region? Is Russia a partner for the West like in the Gulf War? What are Russia’s interests with Syria, Iran, or the others?


Coffee break

04:30 PM 05:00 PM Foyer

Parallel Session B1. Has Hybrid Conflict Already Started?

05:00 PM 06:15 PM Struve Hall

The hybrid conflict has been a buzzword for the last 5 years at least. Assumptions that Russia could be ready or would already be waging a hybrid war against the West are not rare. Therefore, it is important to assess the reality of this phenomena in order to refine threat perceptions and strategic outlooks. Besides the conventional military, the most recent military campaigns involve a substantial amount of frustrating might in Ukraine, Syria, or elsewhere. Thus, the main aim of the panel would be to consider to what extent Russia itself is thinking in terms of hybrid warfare?


Parallel Session B2. Private Military Companies: Serves Why, When, and Where?

05:00 PM 06:15 PM Baer Hall

At the times when security challenges and interests are shifting rapidly across regions and areas, what is the role of the private military structure? Is it easier recruitable, deployable and usable without limits? Can such companies serve as a force multiplier for tasks where intentions of the client must be efficiently disguised? To what extent does Russia mitigate the cost of military action by using PMCs?


Parallel Session B3. Students and Alumni Assessing Russian Military Potential: Instrument of Power in Play

05:00 PM 06:15 PM Peterson Hall

Before, during Chechen wars, and until the end of overt wars in Chechnya by 2000, the Russian military was badly organized, almost on the free leash, unpaid, disorganized, with bad morale, and poorly equipped. Georgian war in 2008 taught the Russian military some painful lessons. Was it a turning point for the Russian military? Are today’s military structures in Russia considerably better equipped or organized? What is the arsenal of Russia’s military power and limits when it comes to the scope, applicability or comparison with NATO? Can Putin do more than a proxy conflict against Ukraine or an air-force/paid for by the Kremlin-private military sector dominated engagement in Syria? What does Russia’s current display of forces suggest?


Executive time

06:15 PM 07:30 PM

Buffet Dinner

07:30 PM 08:30 PM Dorpat Convention Centre

Dinner Welcome by MG Andis Dilāns - Commandant of the Baltic Defence College and Ambassador Archil Karaulashvili, Georgian Ambassador in Estonia

Night Owl Session: Russia’s Interests, Agenda and Limitations in the ‘Big Power Game’

08:30 PM 10:00 PM Struve Hall

Where are Russia’s residual focal points of power? By driving a wedge into the Euro-Atlantic cooperation structures, does it weaken the West? By complicating the stabilization of the Middle East, does Russia aim at draining the Western resources and patience? To frustrate, is Russia pledging diplomatic efforts and resources to create a group of allies and wedges within every Western organization, like in the case with the Council of Europe? How does the novel reap of nuclear or conventional forces agreements change the grammar for interaction with Russia? Where and when should we expect the next demonstration of a kind of power by Russia?


Morning Coffee

08:00 AM 08:30 AM Foyer

Plenary Session. Impact of Cyber Domain: Disruptive or Structuring Dimension?

08:30 AM 10:00 AM Struve Hall

How far, with what means and to what extent intentionally or unintentionally can Russia reach into global finance, energy markets, digital economy, communication, public services or information systems? From the use of malware such as NotPetya to Kaspersky, or to Yandex, what are the means of frustration? Can Kremlin score unexpected success in warfare if the West is insufficiently coherent, badly equipped, or poorly coordinated? When will we stop defining and start coping with cyber challenges?


Coffee break

10:00 AM 10:30 AM Foyer

Parallel Session C1. STRATCOM: Is There a Clash of Narratives?

10:30 AM 12:00 PM Struve Hall

Is the surge of media, social media, and communications, in general, excelling the strategically guided communications as a true priority, or is this area receiving way too paucious resources and attention in front of risks in the field of communications? Is the West well equipped to deal with the informational challenges from Russia and how are the Western responses feeding the Russian appetite for the spread of the malicious information?


Parallel Session C2. Energy as a “Double Edged Sword

10:30 AM 12:00 PM Baer Hall

The European Union and Russia are each other’s largest trading partners in terms of natural gas. The reciprocity between the partners has never suggested a disruption of supply or demand. Even for the Baltic States, there has never been a gas supply shortage even if all three states are accounting for around 1% from the Russian aggregate gas exports. Nevertheless, there are soon due to agreements of profound importance. One coming challenge for cooperation is the absence of a gas transit agreement between Ukraine and Russia, starting the beginning of 2020. The amount flowing from Ukraine to Europe equals German annual natural gas consumption. Is this a harbinger of change in the relationship? What else in terms of energy is hidden in the political, infrastructural or economical subtext?


Coffee break

12:00 PM 12:30 PM Foyer

Concluding Panel: Needing a Common Strategy Toward Russia?

12:30 PM 02:00 PM Struve Hall

Considering the diversity of interests inside of Europe, regional scope and contemporary challenges, what kind of strategy should be tailored by the West toward Russia? How vague or specific the Euro-Atlantic strategy toward Russia should be? Can we have a timeless strategy, or must there be strategies addressing Russia before, during, or after Putin, and beyond? Should we foresee any options to change Russia from outside? How can the West let Russia be Russia? Is Article 5 alone sufficient?


Buffet lunch

02:00 PM 03:00 PM Foyer